Nautical Charts Virtual Gallery
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The forty-one charts below comprise the Atwood House & Museum’s Nautical Charts Digital Collection. These represent a subset of the Museum’s physical collection of Nautical Charts, which is more fully described on the Nautical Charts Collection page. Forty of the charts below were restored and digitized during the initial phase of the Chatham Nautical Chart Initiative, with funding from the Town of Chatham through the Chatham Community Preservation Committee. This project is described on the Chatham Nautical Chart Initiative project page.
The digitized chart images are located (with one exception) on the Digital Commonwealth website. These charts were scanned at very high resolution, and the Digital Commonwealth website provides special zoom technology for viewing the charts.
The single exception noted above is the first chart in the list below, as explained in the caption for that chart.
The charts in this digital collection are grouped among ten categories. Click on any category title to jump to that section.
A. Eldridge Charts
A1. Chatham Lights to West of Handkerchief (Upside-Down Chart)
This unique 1852 chart shows Monomoy Island and surrounding shoals just to the south of Chatham including Old Harbor, Stage Harbor, Nauset Beach, Morris Island, Broken Rips Shoal, Bearse's Shoal, Butler's Hole, and the Handkerchief Shoals in Nantucket Sound. It was the first chart produced by Chatham native, George Eldridge.
This chart has been restored and digitized locally, and is not part of the Digital Commonwealth project. Its significance and history is described on a separate web page devoted to this chart, which can also be accessed by clicking on the thumbnail image. A deep-zoom view is also available for this chart.
A2. Eldridge's Chart of Chesapeake Bay, with James, York, Rappahannock and Potomac Rivers
A3. Geo. W. Eldridge's Chart A, Long Island Sound, NYC to New London
This 1898 chart is one of a series of alphabetically designated charts of the east coast produced by George W. Eldridge and published in Boston. Charles C. Hutchinson of Boston is the General Agent. It covers Long Island Sound as indicated in the title. Aids to navigation are colored in by hand. The source of the data is not indicated. There is minor navigational plotting. This chart is believed to have been used by Captain John Taylor of Chatham on his ship, Red Cloud.
A4. Geo. W. Eldridge's Chart D, Massachusetts Bay and the coast from Chatham to Boston and Gloucester
This 1895 chart is one of a series of alphabetically designated charts of the east coast produced by George W. Eldridge and published in Boston. Charles C. Hutchinson of Boston is the General Agent. It covers the area indicated in the title. Aids to navigation are colored in by hand. The source of the data is not indicated. There is minor navigational plotting. The ship name: Thordis, is written on the back of the chart.
B. Northeast Coast of America
B1. General Chart of the Coast, Gay Head to Cape Henlopen
A Coast Survey chart published in 1852 from a trigonometric survey under the direction of F. R. Hassler and A. D. Bache, Superintendents, with aids to navigation corrected to 1878 and issued by Carlisle P. Patterson, Superintendent. It covers the area indicated in the title. Aids to navigation are colored in by hand. There is considerable course plotting and notations indicating that the chart was used in 1887.
B2. Boston Harbor, Massachusetts
A 1901 issue of a U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey chart of Boston Harbor (O. H. Tittmann, Superintendent) first published in Washington, D.C. in 1867. Dates for various aspects of the survey are clearly indicated. Aids to navigation are indicated in color.Detailed inshore topography showing buildings, roads, railroads and other features is provided. Some minor course plotting is present and the notation “Joe Ike Orange Blossom” and a sketch of a tug boat is in the bottom margin.
B3. Atlantic Coast of the United States and southern part of Nova Scotia, Halifax to New York
A small-scale chart of the area described in the title, Chart No. 941 was published by the Hydrographic Office of the U.S. Navy in 1886 and reissued as a New Publication: 119th, Ed. Feb. 1928 (small corrections were made as recently as 1931). Aids to navigation are marked in red. Detailed current diagrams are shown in red for fourteen different locations on Georges Bank and north as far as Browns Bank.
B4. Chesapeake Bay, Chart No. 31, Sheet No.1, York River, Hampton Roads, Chesapeake Entrance
A Coast Survey chart published in 1863 from a trigonometric survey under the direction of A. D. Bache, superintendent (Acknowledgments are made of those responsible for the triangulation, topography, and hydrography party) of the area indicated in the title. The chart was issued in 1877 with aids to navigation corrected to 1878. Some plotting and hand-written notations concerning aids to navigation and course headings are on the chart. Printed sailing directions for entering the bay by the Cape Henry Channel, the North Channel and for entry to Hampton Roads are given.
B5. Chesapeake Bay, Chart No. 34, from Choptank River to Potomac River
A Coast Survey chart published in 1863 from a trigonometric survey under the direction of A. D. Bache, superintendent (Acknowledgments are made of those responsible for the triangulation, topography, and hydrography party) of the area indicated in the title. The chart was issued in 1877 with aids to navigation corrected to 1877. Some printed sailing directions, list of dangers, lighthouses, data on tides, tidal currents and magnetic compass variation are included. An inset shows the areas covered by Coast Charts No. 31 to 36. There are no handwritten notations.
B6. General Chart of the Coast, No. IV, from Cape May to Cape Henry
A Coast Survey chart published in 1862 from a trigonometric survey under the direction of F. R. Hassler and A. D. Bache, superintendents (Acknowledgments are made of those responsible for the triangulation, topography, and hydrography party) of the area indicated in the title. Aids to navigation (hand colored in yellow and red) are corrected to 1878. Included are data on tides, lighthouses and beacons and the Five-fathom Bank Light Vessel. There are some handwritten notations and plotted courses and small sketches of lightships, some in colored pencil.
B7. Atlantic Coast, Cape Sable to Cape Hatteras
Dated 1877, this United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Chart was issued in February 1881 by C. P. Patterson, superintendent. It extends from the Bay of Fundy in the north to Cape Lookout, a little south of Hatteras. There are insets of Boston Harbor, Mass., Portland Harbor, Me., the New York Entrance, the Entrance to Delaware Bay and the Delaware Breakwater. It is stated that the lights and buoys, which are hand-colored, are correct to 1882. A numbered list of lighthouses is provided. There is some very minor plotting and just a few pencil notations.
B8. Cape Sable to Cape Hatteras with Boston Harbor
This chart is an earlier version of chart B.7, having been issued by the same superintendent in October 1877. Unlike B.7 it has some course plotting and pencil notations including an indication that it was in use in 1888. There is no indication that the lights and buoys were corrected to a later date.
B9. United States, from New York to Cape Ann
Engraved by C. J. and F. S. Copley from U. S. Coast
Surveys this chart was published by Charles Copley & Sons, New York in 1864. The title of the chart does not describe it well. The area covered is from the very tip of Montauk Point, N.Y. and Watch Hill, R.I. north to the
Elizabeth Islands, Buzzards Bay, Martha’sVineyard Nantucket Island, Vineyard and Nantucket Sounds and the south shore of Cape Cod to just north of the twin lights of Chatham. There is lots of detail and closely-
spaced depth soundings. Aids to navigation including numerous lightships are hand-colored. The bottom half of this chart is open ocean with only scattered depth
soundings. A tide table of Coast Survey observations is included although many of the points listed are not in the region covered by the chart. There are no hand-written notations or voyages plotted.
C. Southeast and Gulf Coasts
C1. Bahama Banks and Gulf of Florida
This chart of the area described in the title, variously labeled Chart 1 (1868) and Chart II (1869), was published by the Hydrographic Office of the U.S. Navy. The inset shows an 1851 chart of Key West Harbor made in collaboration with the Coast Survey. There are handwritten notations on the chart including one that says: “No light on G(?) Key 1880”, indicating that the chart was in use that year.
C2. Gulf of Mexico, West Indies & Caribbean Sea
This chart of the area described in the title was published by the Hydrographic Office of the U.S. Navy in 1869 with corrections to 1872 from the most recent U. S. Coast Survey, Spanish and British Admiralty Charts. It is labeled Sheet 1. Insets for the Anchorage of Cay Frances and Approaches to Cardenas, both on the north coast of Cuba by U. S. Navy surveyors are included. Aids to navigation are hand colored and there are some pencil notations and plotting indicating use in 1877.
C3. The Bahama Banks and Gulf of Florida
This chart was produced by Edmund Blunt and published by E. & G. W. Blunt in 1848 with additions to 1860. An inset shows Key West harbor in 1851. There are recognition profiles of locations in the Bahamas and hand-colored indication of aids to navigation. Acknowledgements to data sources are given. This chart was used by Chatham sea captain Simeon Taylor on the SS Mississippi. There are no hand-drawn notations.
C4. The Coasts of W. Florida, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana
An 1838 chart by Edmund Blunt from the surveys of Gauld improved by those of the U. S. government published by E. and G. W. Blunt, New York. A hand-written comment indicates that the lighthouse on St. George’s Island is miss-located. Some hand-colored aids to navigation and an inset showing the entrance to St. George’s Sound by Lieut. Swift U.S. Art. Some very minor plotting.
C5. Atlantic Coast, Cape Hatteras to Key West
This United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Chart was issued in 1880 by C. P. Patterson, superintendent. The chart extends as far as the Bahama Banks to the east and the northern coast of Cuba including Havana to the south. Detailed insets of Charleston Harbor, Port Royal Entrance, Tybee Roads, Key West Harbor and Nassau Harbor are present. In some cases aids to navigation, which are generally hand-colored, are correct to 1885. Details of the Bahamas and Cuba are from Admiralty and Spanish charts, respectively. There are no notations or voyages plotted on this chart.
D. West Coast, Pacific
D1. Coast of California, San Blas to San Francisco
An 1849 Blueback chart published in London by James Imray. It contains six insets of various harbors including San Francisco Harbor and its entrance. There are multiple artistically-rendered recognition profiles. Some decorative hand coloring along the coast is evident and the end of a voyage is plotted with notations. This chart was used aboard the ship Revere by Captain Charles W. Hamilton on an 152-day, 1852-1853 voyage from Boston around Cape Horn to San Francisco.
D2. Pacific Coast, Point Pinos to Bodega Head California
An 1862 Coast Survey chart (No. 675, A. D. Bache, Superintendent) issued with corrections and aids to navigation in 1878. It is centered on San Francisco Harbor and the area just to its south. There are tables with tide information and on Coast Lights and Fog Signals. The six artistically engraved recognition profiles include one of the entrance to San Francisco Harbor. The chart was sold by Charles Page, Chronometer Maker, of San Francisco. It was used by Captain John Taylor aboard the ship Red Cloud. There are no handwritten notations.
D3. The Sandwich Islands (Hawaii)
A chart of the Hawaiian Islands published by the Hydrographic Office of the Admiralty, London in 1843 with corrections in the years 1865, 1869, 1871, 1879 and 1880 from "various but imperfect authorities". The magnetic variation is for 1874. The original names of the individual islands assigned by Captain Cook in 1778 are given in parentheses. An inset shows Honoruru (sic) Harbour in some detail. Aids to navigation are hand colored. There are no handwritten notations or voyages plotted. The chart was in the collection of Captain John Taylor of the ship Red Cloud.
D4. North Pacific
This very small-scale Blueback chart, published in 1872 by James Imray and Son in London, covers the entire north Pacific Ocean from the coast of China in the west (116 o E) to the coasts of North, Central and South America in the east (60 o W) and north from the equator to Behrings Strait (68 o N). The chart contains forty inset maps, the titles of which are may be found in the meta-data published by Digital Commonwealth in conjunction with the image in their repository. The chart is stamped by Charles Pace, chronometer maker of San Francisco, presumably where the chart was purchased. There are hand written notations and voyages plotted including a
visit to San Francisco in March 1873 apparently from a voyage around Cape Horn. A trans-Pacific voyage in
1876 is plotted and there are notations that the chart was used in 1884 and 1886 as well.
D5. South Pacific
James Imray and Son of London published this Blueback chart in 1869. It covers the area from Papua New Guinea and the coast of Australia in the west (135 o E) to the west coast of South America and the Falkland Islands in the east (50 o W), and from Cape Horn and the Shetland Islands in the south (65 o S) and north to the Carolines and the Marshall Islands (10 o N). There are a few notations and some minor plotting near the South American coast, but no indication of when the chart was used.
D6. Western Pacific, Chart No. 1
This Blueback chart was published by James Imray &
Son in London in 1877 and contains an Imray stamp dated
1878. It covers an area from the southern Australia coast
and Tasmania on the west (143oE) to all of New Zealand
and the Chatham Islands in the east (175oW) between
parallels 30oS and 53o, 50’. There are nine inset maps:
Port Jackson, Lyttleton, Port Ross, Perseverance Harbor,
Auckland Islands, Nicholson, Cook Strait, Campbell
Island and North-east bay on that island. There is some
very minor plotting just south of New Zealand.
E. South America
E1. South America, Coast of Peru
A collage of four, large-scale insets of areas along the coast of Peru published by the Hydrographic Office of the Admiralty, London in 1840 from surveys by the officers of H. M. S. Beagle in 1836 with additions in 1859, 1863 and 1865. The magnetic variation is for 1863. The areas shown are Islay or Ilay Bay, Iquique Road, Ylo Road and Atico Road. The latitude and longitude are shown for a single point on each inset. Brief piloting instructions for several landing places are included. There are no handwritten notations or voyages plotted.
E2. General Chart of the Coasts of Brazil &c. from River Para to Buenos-Ayres
This 1860 Blueback chart was published by R. H. Laurie in London from surveys of the Baron Roussin and Capt. Wm. Hewett adjusted by later observations of Capts. P. P. King and Robt. FitzRoy of the Royal Navy. It contains thirty-one large-scale of insets of the following harbors and areas: Rio Janeiro, &c., Bahia or San Salvador, Sta. Catharina, Monte Video, Rio Grande de S. Pedro, Cananea, Paranagua, Maldonado, Santos, Marambaya, Porto Macayo, Roadstead of Cape Sta. Maria, St. Sebastian, Bahio do Espirito Santo, Abrolhos Channel, The Approaches to Pernambuco, Pernambuco, Anchorage of San Joao or St. John, Bank of Manoel Luis, Maranham &c., Mouths of Maranon, Rio Para, City of Para, Eastern Entrances of River Para, Ciara or Seara, Entrance of the River Parahyba do Norte, Port of Maranham, the Rio Grande do Norte, the River Jaguarybe and Fernando Noranha.. There are seven finely engraved recognition profiles including ones of the entrances to Rio de Janeiro and to San Salvador or Bahia. Aids to navigation have been hand colored. This chart (as indicated on its back) was used by Capt. Simeon Taylor on the SS Mississippi. Handwritten notations are absent.
E3. Chart of the East and West Coasts of South America, Extending from the River Plate (round Cape Horn) to Valparaiso
This 1853 Blueback chart was published by James Imray in London from surveys made by Capts. R. FitzRoy, P. P. King, W. Robinson and B. Sulivan of the Royal Navy. The chart includes the Falkland and South Shetland Islands with larger-scale insets of the Port of San Carlos, the approach to Valparaiso, Stanley Harbor on East Falkland Isle and the Strait of Magalhaens. There are multiple hand-written notations and nautical fixes from voyages of Captain John Taylor on the ship Red Cloud in 1879, 1880,1881 and 1882 (perhaps 1855 also).
E4. The Coast of Brazil between Maranhao and Cape Frio
This 1880 Blueback chart was published by J. Imray & Son in London from surveys of Don A. Vital de Oliveria of the Brazilian Navy (1859), Capt. Mouchez of the French Imperial Navy (1860-1864), and the Baron Roussin of the French Navy (1820). Included are eleven larger-scale insets of the following harbors and areas: Abrolhas Channel, Cape Frio, Rio de Janeiro, Bahia,Town and Road of Pernambuco, Coast in the vicinity of Pernambuco, Maranhao, Ceara, Fernando Noronha, Cape St. Roque and The Rocas. Accompanying these are seven recognition profiles. Aids to navigation are hand-colored and there are some brief descriptions of some of these and some piloting notes. There are hand-written notations regarding a voyage of the ship Red Cloud in 1881, John Taylor, captain. No navigational fixes are plotted.
F. Atlantic Ocean, Africa
F1. North Atlantic
This 1866 small-scale Blueback chart was published by J. Imray & Son in London. It encompasses the North Atlantic from the coast of North America and the Caribbean east to Europe and the British Isles and the western Mediterranean Sea. It extends to 5° south of the Equator including parts of the northeast coast of South America and the west coast of Africa. There are four larger-scale insets of the Bermuda Islands, Fayal Channel, Horta & Pim Bays and Funchal Bay. Nine engraved recognition profiles are included. Data concerning currents are featured on this chart along with discussions of the North African or Guinea Current and the Gulf Steam as well as a description of West India Hurricanes. Sources of the data are not revealed. There are many hand-written notations and plots of voyages with navigational fixes shown as well as the locations of particular storms (a hurricane and a cyclone near Bermuda in 1878). Of particular interest are notations that reveal the use of this chart by Chatham sea captain Gershom Jones on voyages to and from Boston to Goree Island off the west coast of Africa in 1862 in the Barque Sylph (this predates the date printed on the chart). Almost identical trading voyages are plotted by Capt. Charles W. Jones (son of Gershom) for the Brig R. M. Heslen in 1871. Many other hand-written notations show that this chart was used in 1878 and 1880. Voyages to the Caribbean and the Mediterranean Seas are also evidenced.
F2. North Atlantic Ocean, Sheet II, Eastern Half, No. 22
This chart was published by the U.S. Navy Hydrographic Office (Cdr. T. S. Fillebrown, Superintendent) in 1860 with corrections in 1872, 1873, 1874, 1879 and 1884 from the most recent British, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Belgian, Dutch, German, Danish and Norwegian surveys. The chart covers the eastern half of the North Atlantic from longitude 45° W. to 10° E. and latitude 65° N. to the Equator. It includes the British Isles and the western portion of the Mediterranean Sea to the western shores of Sardinia and Corsica. It contains a Table of Trade Winds. There are voyages in 1884 and 1885 plotted on southwestern portion of the chart and some handwritten notations that are not readily decipherable.
F3. Cape Verd Islands
This chart was published by E. & G. W. Blunt, New York, in 1841 from surveys by Lieuts. Vidal and Mudge and Capt. D. E. Bartholomew, R.N.C.B. of the Royal Navy. It was engraved and printed by W. Hooker. It contains larger-scale insets of English Road, Island of Bonavista, Mordeira Bay, Isle of Sal and Porto Praya, Island of St. Iago. Its use aboard the SS Kin Kiang is indicated on the back. The shipmaster was Capt. Simeon Taylor of Chatham. Taylor’s personal handwritten journal of several of his voyages is preserved in the Atwood House & Museum archives and is the subject of an article by Cdr. Don Broderick, USN (Ret.) in the Spring 2015 issue of the Atwood House Log, pp 4-5. This article reproduces a note written by Capt.Taylor to Messrs. Oliphant, N.Y., the owners of the Kin Kiang, dated February 29, 1864 during his coaling stop in the “Cape de Verdes” on his way to China. This chart was with Taylor on that date in that place.
F4. The Coast of the Cape Colony
This two-section chart of the South African coast including the Cape of Good Hope was published in 1859 by James Imray & Son of London chiefly from surveys ordered by the British government. The western section covers from 32°30´S to 38°S and 17°30´E to 27°30´E while the eastern section covers 27°E to 32°E and 29°30´S to 35°S. There are large scale insets of the following places: Table Bay, Knysna Harbour, Mossel Bay, Danger Point & Dyer Island, Cape Agulhas, Plettenberg Bay, Great Fish River, Algoa Bay, Port Natal, False Bay, Simons Bay, Buffalo River and Bird Islands. There is a lengthy description of the Agulhas Current. Various places have detailed piloting instructions and there are many, many engraved recognition profiles. Some aids to navigation are hand colored. Pencil notations are numerous and indicate that this chart was used on various voyages from 1865 to 1879.
F5. General Chart of the South Atlantic Ocean from the Equator to 65° South Latitude
This 1857 Blueback chart, published by James Imray & Son of London, shows most of South America and the west coast of Africa. A “Notice to Mariners” pasted over part of the legend obscures an alternative title which reads: “…IOPIC OCEAN”. It contains four large-scale insets of the following: Part of Ascension Island, Faulkland Islands, St. Helena Island, and False and Table Bays (near Cape of Good Hope). At various places on the chart are detailed descriptions of various currents including the Lagullas, South African, Southern Connecting, Cape Horn and River Plate Currents. Eight engraved recognition profiles are shown. Many individual voyages are plotted with destinations including Cape Horn, Cape of Good Hope and Buenos Ayres. Pencil notations do not reveal the years the chart was in use.
F6. South Atlantic Ocean
Published in London by James Imray & Son in 1870 this chart covers the same geographical area as the chart labeled F5: the South Atlantic Ocean from the Equator to the South Orkney and South Shetland Islands. There are nine large-scale insets including the islands Fernando Noronha, Tristan Da Cunha, San Pedro, Gough Isle, Trinidad Island, St. Helena, Martin Vaz Islets, Ascension and The Roccas. As well there are ten engraved recognition profiles. A logo for the publisher involving a wreath, a shield, an anchor and a globe appears in the lower left hand corner. Many voyages are plotted and hand-written notations indicate that this chart was used aboard the ship Red Cloud and in one instance the year 1882 is indicated. Other evidence shows the shipmaster to be Capt. John Taylor of Chatham.
F7. The Western Coast of Africa from Sierra Leone and the Isles de Los with a Continuation from the River Camma to the Cape of Good Hope
A two-section Blueback chart published in London by J. W. Norie, hydrographer. The left-hand northern section (10°N to 2°S) constituting about 4/5 of the chart has corrections to 1860, while the southern right-hand fifth of the chart (1°30´S to 35°S) has corrections only to 1844. The chart is constructed chiefly from surveys of Capt. W. F. W. Owen, R.N. There are large-scale insets of Sierra Leone, the River Sherbro, the Entrance to the River Benin, Corisco Bay, the Entrances to the Rivers Bonny & Calebar, the Entrance to the Zaire or River Congo, the Harbour of St. Paul de Loando, Benguela Bay, Walwich Bay, Angra Pequena, the Bay of Saldanha, Table Bay, Ichboe, Cape Lopez Bay, Anno Bon Island, the Anchorage off Anno Bon Island, West Bay in Princes Island, St. Antonio Bay, Princes Island, St. Thomas Island, Santa Anna de Chaves in St. Thomas’s Isle, George Bay in Fernando Po, Clarence in Fernando Po, the Entrances to the Rivers Foreecarreah, Mellacoree & Scarcies, and the Isles de Los. There are numerous engraved recognition profiles. Lighted aids to navigation are hand-colored. Hand-written notations are minimal. Other information shows that this chart was used by Capt. Simeon Taylor of Chatham aboard the SS Kin Kiang.
G. Europe, British Isles
G1. Bay of Biscay
This 1827 Blueback chart, with corrections to 1853, was published in London by J. W. Norie, hydrographer. It covers the French coast from Brest south to Spain and the northern coast of Spain west to Corunna and is based on surveys by Tofino, Machain and others. Five large-scale insets are shown including the Entrance to the River Loire, the Entrances to Rochelle and Rochfort, the Entrances to the River Gironde, The Saints and the Passage du Raz, and St. Vincent’s Channel. Lighted aids to navigation are hand-colored. There is a very small amount of course plotting or hand-written notation.
G2. The Irish or St. George's Channel
Published in London by James Imray & Son in 1870 this chart is oriented with the direction north about 45° from the vertical to better accommodate the body of water between Ireland and England which is oriented along a southwest to north east axis. There are many large-scale insets including the following places: Holyhead Bay, Tuskar Rock etc., North Rocks etc., Lough Strangford, Carlingford Lough, Lough Foyle, Belfast Lough, Firth of Clyde, Douglas Bay, South Coast of Man, Milford Haven and Lundy Island. Many recognition profiles are provided, especially of lighthouses and castles. Textual piloting remarks, mostly concerned with currents, are printed in several places along with a table of bearings. Lighted aids to navigation are hand-colored. There are a few hand-written notations and minor plotting. Other information reveals that this chart was used by Captain John Taylor of Chatham aboard the Red Cloud.
G3. Mediterranean Sea, Western Part, Sheets I and II
This Blueback chart, published by James Imray in
London in 1882, with additions to 1886, consists of
Sheets I and II of a larger chart of the Mediterranean. It
covers from 12 o 20’ W, west of Gibraltar, and shows the
Bay of Biscay, the west coasts of France, Spain, Portugal
and Morocco. The chart extends to 47 o 20’ N and south to 30 o N. Further to the east the chart covers most of the Italian peninsula and the northern part of the Adriatic Sea, as far as 17 o E. The coast of North Africa is shown from Gibraltar to 4 o east of Tripoli. Finely engraved recognition profiles show the approach to Marseilles, Algier Bay and a view of the coast at Jigeli and Bujeya. Detailed piloting instructions are scattered throughout the chart. There are twenty inset maps of harbors, etc. (titles listed on Digital Commonwealth metadata page). Aids to navigation are hand-colored. A few penciled notes and fragmentary voyages are plotted with indications that the chart was used in 1871 and 1872.
H. Indian Ocean
H1. Indian Ocean
Published in London by James Imray & Son in 1869 this Blueback chart is of particular local interest, vide infra. It covers the Indian Ocean from Africa, north to Arabia and India and east to Australia and New Zeeland. Included are insets of the following islands: Cargados Carajos, Coetivy, Rodrigues, Wood Island, Tromelin, Reunion (St. Paul, St. Denis), and the Farquhar Passage. Information concerning currents is indicated on the chart. Pencil notations reveal a voyage around the Cape of Good Hope and north through the Mozambique Channel during the month of April, 1870 captained by Reuben Eldredge, Jr. (1828-1871) of Chatham. His wife, the former Celestia Hammond, accompanied him on the voyage during which she died of dysentery and was buried at sea on 30 Apr 1870 at a place in Mozambique Channel that can be located on the chart. Reuben died of smallpox the following year and was also buried at sea. The couple have their gravestones in the Chatham Old Baptist Cemetery.
H2. Bay of Bengal
This Blueback chart published by James Imray & Son of London in 1869 has, outside the left-hand border ot the main chart, two small-scale inset charts of the same region which show the currents in effect during the northeast monsoon and during the southwest monsoon. The many large-scale insets include the Bassas Reefs. Point de Galle Harbor, Colombo, the Bay and Harbor of Trincomalie, the River Mutlah, Preparis Island, the approach to Bassein River and the approaches to the River Arcan. There are printed notes regarding currents in the Bay of Bengal and the Ceylon Currents. Lighted aids to navigation are indicated in color. A publisher’s notice printed in red concerns the construction of three new lighthouses in the Gulf of Martaban which are intended to replace an existing lightship. There are a few handwritten notations and plotted positions.
I. Far East, East Indies
I1. East Java, Madura, Bali and parts of the Java and Bali Seas
This is a Dutch chart with no indication of a title or date. Various insets are dated 1822, 1834 and 1842. It covers an area between latitudes 5°S and 9°S and longitudes 113°E and 115° 30’E which includes part of the Java and Bali Seas as well as part of East Java, Madura and Bali. It shows the Strait of Madura and the Strait of Bali. There is no formal black border along the left-hand side of the chart suggesting that it is the eastern portion of a larger chart of the region. There are a number if recognition profiles and many large-scale insets including: Bay van Sumanap, Strait of Sapoedie, Kangeang, Bogt van Tjottek, Strait of Bali, Reede Boliling and Reede Tibonkos. Very minor pencil notations are present.
I2. Kaart der Moluksche Eilanden en Vaarwaters (Chart of the Moluccan Islands and Waters)
This Dutch chart is dated 1845 and 1847 and covers the area from 125°E to 132°E longitude between 3°N and 7°S latitude. This area includes the Molucca, Halmahere, Banda and Ceram Seas with the islands of Maluku and North Maluku and part of Papua New Guinea. It was published in Amsterdam by Gerard Hulst van Keulen and engraved by J. C. Zurcher. There are recognition profiles in the margins outside the chart along the top, bottom and both sides. One at the bottom shows the apparent eruption of volcanic Piek van Damme on a small island on the southern border of the chart. There are a few difficult to read hand-written notations.
I3. East Indies, South China Sea, Java Sea, Southern Sumatra and the Bangka Belitung Islands
This chart published in 1826 with corrections to 1853 by James Horsburgh, hydrographer to the East India Company, and intended as an accompaniment to the Book of Directions for Navigating to, from and in the East Indies. It covers an area of the South China Sea just south of Singapore (off the chart) including the east coast of South Sumatra and the Bangka Belitung Islands as well as part of the Java Sea. Detailed piloting instructions are printed for navigating the Lucepara Passage and the Straits of Gaspar on the west and east sides of the Island of Bangka, respectively. The texts contain warnings about lurking pirates, detailed notes regarding the currents in the straits and other matters. No plotting or hand-written notations are apparent.
I4. Java, Blad III (Sheet III)
This is the third sheet of a three sheet series of Dutch charts of the island of Java by navy second lieutenant P. Swaan published in Batavia (now Jakarta) in 1865. It covers eastern Java, Madera and part of Bali with the Java Sea to the North and the Indian Ocean to the south. The straits of Madera and Bali are shown. Three larger-scale insets show the roadsteads of Panaroekan, Banjoewangie and Bezoekie. There is a recognition profile of H. Pangka. Lighted aids to navigation have been hand colored. Only a few minor pencil notations are present.
I5. East India Archipeligo, Western Route to China, Chart No. 2
This is a James Imray & Son chart published in London in 1866. It covers longitude 103° E to 110° 20’ E and latitudes 5° 50’ N to 3° S. The area shown includes the southeast coasts of the Malay Peninsula, the northeast coast of Sumatra, Banka Island and the west coast of Borneo. Singapore and Singapore Strait are shown as are the Straits of Karimata, Gaspar, Banka and Brahalla among others. The island archipelagos of Biliton, Natuna, and Anamba are indicated. Lighted aids to navigation are hand-colored. A small amount of plotting and hand-written notations are present.
I6. China Sea, Singapore, Banka, Gaspar & Sunda Straits
Published in London by Charles Wilson (late J. W. Lorie & Wilson) in 1872 this Blueback chart covers longitudes 103° E to 112° 5’ E and latitudes 4° 50’ N to 7° 10’ S. In addition to the bodies of water featured in the title, the west coast of Borneo, north coast of Java, Singapore, the east coast of the Malay Peninsula and the Islands of Banka and Billiton are shown along with the Anamba and Natuna Island archipelagoes. Included are two larger-scale insets are of the Banka and Gaspar Straits. The Carimata Strait between the western portion of the Java Sea and the China Sea is shown. There is a small amount of plotting of part of an 1874 voyage of the ship Red Cloud mastered by Captain John Taylor of Chatham.
I7. China Sea, Sheet 1
This chart, published by James Horsburgh, hydrographer to the East India Company, in 1821 with additions to 1859, covers the area from longitudes 103° E to 122° 30’ E and latitudes from 12° N to 0° 30’ S. The marine survey was carried out by Captain D. Ross and his Lieutenants P. Maughan, I. Crawford and I. Houghton of the Bombay Marine. Shown are the islands of Borneo, Palawan, and Celebes as well as Singapore and part of the coasts of the Malay Peninsula and Cambodia. Bodies of water include the Sooloo Sea, the Celebes Sea and the Macassar Strait between Borneo and Celebes and Gulf of Tominie. There are many diminutive recognition profiles. Pencil notations indicate that the chart was used aboard the SS Kin Kiang in the month of May. Other information suggests that the plotting was done by Captain Simeon Taylor on an 1864 voyage to China where the Kin Kiang was to serve as a packet steamer on the Yangtze Kiang for several years thereafter.
I8. Strait of Malacca to Singapore
Published in London by Charles Wilson (late J. W. Lorie & Wilson) in 1852 with additions to 1872 this Blueback chart covers longitudes 95° 20’ E to 105° 30’ and latitudes 5° 20’ N to 1° 10’ S. Drawn from the late Dutch and English surveys by J. S. Hobbs, hydrographer, it shows The Strait of Malacca which lies between Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. At the southern terminus of the strait lies Singapore and the Strait of Singapore. A large inset with the Supplementary Plan to the Entrance of the [Malacca] Strait that extends slightly to the north and west of the main chart is included as are insets of Singapore Harbour and Roads, Penang or Prince of Wales Island and the Singapore Strait. Lighted aids to navigation are hand-colored and there are six recognition profiles. No course plotting or hand-written notations of any kind are evident. Other information indicates that this chart was the property of Captain John Taylor of the ship Red Cloud.
J1. South Coast of Australia, Port Phillip
This fairly large-scale chart of Port Phillip Bay, just to the south of Melbourne, is probably one of a series of charts of the south coast of Australia published by the Hydrographic Office of the [British] Admiralty. It reports the results of surveys by Lieutenants T. M. Symonds and H. R. Henry of HMS Rattlesnake in 1836 and a subsequent survey of the Entrance Channel by Commander I. C. Wickham of HMS Beagle in 1842, shown as an inset. It covers longitudes 144° 21’ E to 145° 20’ E and latitudes 37° 49’ S to 38° 23’ S. There are no hand-written notations of any kind. A portion of the inset in the lower right-hand corner of the chart is missing.
J2. South and East Coasts of Australia
J2. South and East Coasts of Australia, Chart No. 1,
Australian Bight to Cape Northumberland
This 1867 blueback chart is one of a series of four charts of the area published in London by James Imray and Son.
There are thirteen inset maps at a larger scale for the following places and harbors: Wallaroo Bay & Tiparra
Bays, Port Adelaid, McDonnell Bay, Willunga, Troubridge Shoals, Rivoli Bay, Victor Harbour, Lacepede Bay, Port Lincoln, Onkaparinga Head, Backstairs Passage, Port Elliot and Rosetta Anchorage. Some aids to navigation have been hand-colored. Some very minor pencil notations show that this chart has been used for navigation.
When you click on an image in the above list, a new window opens showing a page on the Digital Commonwealth website. This page presents a large image of the chart, plus some additional information. When you click on this large image, a new popup window will appear, showing the chart with a black background. (There may be a noticeable delay before the zoom-capable image appears.) This is the Zoom window.
In this Zoom window, a single click will cause a magnified or “zoomed in” section of the chart to be shown. There are multiple levels of Zoom available; you can keep zooming in until the magnification of the chart does not change. You can also “drag” the chart to see adjacent areas of the chart by holding down the mouse button and moving your mouse. The Zoom-level is also controlled by the five circular buttons in the lower right-hand corner of the screen.
In the upper right corner of the Zoom window, a small image of the chart shows the section of the overall chart you are viewing, in a red-outlined box. You can also “drag” on this red-outlined area to move the viewing area of the magnified chart.
The five buttons in the lower right hand corner of the screen have the functions:
Plus sign: “Zoom In”
Minus sign: “Zoom Out”
Double curved arrows: “Return to original image”
Counterclockwise curved arrow: “Rotate the chart counterclockwise by 90 degrees”
Clockwise curved arrow: “Rotate the chart clockwise by 90 degrees”
Closing the Zoom Digital Commonwealth window returns the viewer to the Atwood House website Virtual Gallery webpage.